Retinal Surgery may require several techniques to reattach the retina:
Scleral Buckle (for repair of retinal detachment):
- This surgery is performed in the operating room and the surgeon places a flexible band around the external portion of the eye to push the wall inwards and counteract the force pulling the retina out of place
Combination of Vitrectomy and Scleral Buckling
Vitrectomy (for treatment of various retinal diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, macular hole, vitreous hemorrhage):
- This surgery is performed in the operating room where the vitreous gel, which is pulling on the retina, is removed and replaced with a gas or oil bubble. These bubble tamponades help seal the retinal tears or macular hole while the eye heals. This typically also requires certain head positions to move the gas bubble over the weak areas of retina until the gas bubble is removed. The gas bubble gradually disappears over time, but the oil bubble requires a second operation to remove the oil.